
OBJECTIVES 
Structural analysis and calculations  The thrust line applied to the arch of the Old Bridge of Mostar.

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ARCH
F.E.M. 
F.E. model of the arch
After the preliminary analysis,
more
accurate structural analyses have been performed, starting with the
creation of a F.E. model of the arch

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BRIDGE
F.E.M. 
F.E. model of the whole bridge
In the second stage the
Ansys calculation code was adopted. This programme enables to perform
nonlinear analyses of the structure. The F.E. model has been created
with the available data.

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LOADS 
Load conditions and combinations
The load conditions and combinations were defined
according to Eurocode 1, in particular to Part 3 (ENV 19913: 1994) which
refers to the definition of the pedestrian, cycle action and other actions
specifically for footbridges.

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LOADS
& PARAMETERS 
Load combinations  Soil characteristics at the abutments  Values of the material parameters assumed in the design  Elasticity modulus of the masonry

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STRESSES
AND LOAD COMB. 3A 
Stresses in the bridge  Load combination 3A
 1,35 permanent loads + 1,35 traffic
loads on the whole bridge
 mean values of the elasticity
modulus for the whole structure

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LOAD
COMB. 3B 
Load combination
3B
 1,35 permanent loads + 1,35 traffic
loads on the whole bridge
 maximum value of the elasticity
modulus for the arch and minimum value for the other structural
elements

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LOAD
COMB. 5A 
Load combination
5A
 1,35 permanent loads + 0,54 traffic
loads on the whole bridge + 1,5 uniform thermal variation of +15
�C
 mean values of the elasticity
modulus for the whole structure

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LOAD
COMB. 5B 
Load combination
5B
 1,35 permanent loads + 0,54 traffic
loads on the whole bridge + 1,5 uniform thermal variation of +15
�C
 maximum values of the elasticity
modulus for the whole structure

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LOAD
COMB. 6A 
Load combination
6A
 1,35 permanent loads + 0,54 traffic
loads on the whole bridge + 1,5 uniform thermal variation of 15
�C
 mean values of the elasticity
modulus for the whole structure

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DEPARTMENT
OF CIVIL ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY
OF FLORENCE
work
group:

Prof.
Ing. Andrea Vignoli

Prof.
Ing. Paolo Spinelli

Prof.
Ing. Franco Angotti

Prof.
Ing. Fabio Selleri

Prof.
Ing. Fabio Castelli

Ing.
Ph.D. Maurizio Orlando

Ing.
Cristiano Casamaggi
training
staff:
credits:
Intellectual property of
the structural design is owned by the University of Florence  Department of
Civil Engineering

Structural analysis and calculations
The structural calculations of Stari Most were
performed to evaluate the maximum stresses in the structure produced by
the design loads and the maximum deflections produced by the loads during
the working phases.
The following loads were considered: permanent loads,
live loads, thermal loads, accidental loads due to the flood and to the
earthquake.
The check of the structure against the earthquake
actions was made determining the peak acceleration which produces the
collapse of the structure.
In the fisrt part of this report some notes have been
taken on the basis of a preliminary and simplified geometry of the bridge,
then, in the second part, more accurate investigations have been performed
on the "most likely bridge shape".



LOAD
COMB. 6B 
Load combination
6B
 1,35 permanent loads + 0,54 traffic
loads on the whole bridge + 1,5 uniform thermal variation of 15
�C
 maximum values of the elasticity
modulus for the whole structure

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LOAD
COMB. CHARTS 
The following tables list the maximum stresses of the
arch and of the spandrels in all the load combinations considered.

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THRUST
AT THE ABUTMENTS 
Diffusion of the thrust at the abutments  Stresses
sx  Left abutment  Load combination no. 1B  Stresses
sx  Right abutment  Load combination no. 1B

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STRESS
sx 
Stresses sx  Left abutment  Load combination no. 5C  Stresses
sx  Right abutment  Load combination no. 5C

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STRESS
sy 
Locations of the horizontal sections  Stresses
sy  Left abutment  Load combination no. 5C  Stresses
sy  Right abutment  Load combination no. 5C

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FLOOD
FORCE 
Load combination with the flood force
The flood produces a total
shear much higher than the shear produced by the seismic actions, but the
stresses and strains are lower than those produced by the earthquake,
because the flood force is concentrated prevalently on the lateral sides
of the bridge.

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SEISMIC
ACTIONS 
Load combination with the seismic actions.
The structural behaviour of the bridge
under the seismic actions has been studied taking into account the
nonlinear behaviour of the masonry, as it was done for the flood force.

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SEISMIC
ANALYSIS RESULTS 
Results of the seismic analysis  Results for the load combination with prevailing earthquake along Z  Results for the load combination with prevailing earthquake along X  Results for the load combination with prevailing earthquake along Y

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CONSTRUCTION
PHASES 
Deformations of the structure during the construction

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LOADS
OVER THE CENTERING 
Loads acting on the centering:
The following table lists the loads acting on the centering during the
work phases. 
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STRENGHT
OF ARCH MASONRY 
Required strength of the arch masonry: The strength of a masonry does not depend only upon the strength of the blocks, but also upon the strength of the mortar, the thickness of the mortar layers and the height of the blocks.
Therefore, the required strength of the stones for the arch cannot be chosen leaving out of consideration these parameters. 
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